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Different Types of Fabrics Used in Textiles Industry

The Textiles Industry is one of the largest industries in the world. An industry that made its start from the cottage industry, for personal use. Over centuries, this industry has hit the markets globally. Today with the advancement in technology, communication, and transport, the textile industries have reached everyone around the corner of the world.  

But What is Textile Industry

assorted textiles

The textile industry involves the research, designs and development as well as distribution of textiles, fabrics, and clothing.  The materials used in the textile could be yarn, fibre, and fabric or a combination of these.  It has roots in other sectors as well, like agriculture, and animal husbandry.  More industries like the stitch buttons, or other buttons, sewing machines and threads etc are also affected by the textile industry. 

Different Types of Fabrics

multi colored striped textile on brown wooden table

Fabrics can have a vast variety. They could be woven, knitted, natural and synthetic. Even in them, there are lots of subtypes that are commonly renowned in the textile industry. These are chiffon, denim, cotton, crepe, georgette, and damask. These are just a few to name. T&A Textile and Hosiery makes use of all these fabrics in their articles to make the most trendy textiles. 

Here is an explanation of all of these textiles types that have been mentioned above. 

Chiffon

This fabric is used mostly in festive textiles to give them a bit of sparkly look. It is a lightweight fabric. It is woven in such a pattern that makes the yarn a little rough touch to it. Different constituents can go into its making like nylon, silk, polyester and rayon. 

Denim

You must have heard the name Denim. The world of fashion is revolving around denim. Gigi Hadid, or Kylie Jenner, all rock them. This premium fabric is worth its price and reputation. It is a cotton fabric, a little tight in its construction. They are commonly used in western wear. Jackets, warmers, jeans and much more could be made from them. What makes them so popular is that they suit all age groups. Teenagers and elderly alike would not mind having a pair of denim or more in their wardrobes.

Satin Fabric

One of the mentioned fabric types in Jane Austen’s Persuasion, satin fabric is a classic textile type existing ever since. 

Satin is perhaps most famous for its lustrous saris in the East while trendy gowns can be made out of this fabric. Their surface is shiny while the back is plain. It is weaved by using silk and nylon. The weaving plays a vital role to preserve its look like satin. 

Cotton 

We all have at least one cotton shirt hanging in our closets. If not, we do have its bed sheets. It is because cotton is quite durable. It is woven in such a manner that it makes it soft but wrinkles tend to appear quite easily in them and pressing them could be a little hard. Other than this, cotton is good to wear for summers. 

It makes use of organic cotton and cellulose. The cotton is refined into giving the fabric a fluffy feeling and a soft texture. 

Crepe

Crane or crispy or crisp, crepe has many names. It is a combination of silk, wool and synthetic fibres.  The ones made with silk and wool are more breathable, and soft.

They have a bit of elasticity as well. They are commonly used in scarves, shawls and wraps. They can also be used for curtains. 

Again, the weaving technique plays a vital role in the end product. The weaving technique gives it the appearance of tiny bumps or waves with a 3D effect. There is a bit of shine too which makes them a fine use for fancy curtains or ceremonial occasions. 

Georgette

Tightly twisted yarns go into making these puckered-surfaced fabrics. They were introduced in the twentieth century and have stayed in fashion since then. 

They belong to the crepe family and are woven completely from silk. However, synthetic materials like rayon and viscose can also be used to make georgette.

They are lightweight, breathable, have wrinkled appearance and are translucent. 8t can be used for good drape based dresses because it has a flow in it.  They come in many beautiful colours because they catch the dye too prominently. 

Damask 

By hearing the word damask, did something ring in your mind, like Damascus? Well, apart from the word being relating to damask in pronunciation, this fabric and place are somehow linked in another way as well. Damask originated from Damascus. 

It has a difficult structure. Although modern technology has made its looms to be easily weaved, all of it has come at the stake of its quality. The damask fabric does not have the value and grandeur that it used to have earlier. 

Also, with the introduction of so many new fabrics, it does seem that damask has no future except for being used in some tapestries. 

It has several types too. There could be a silk damask, a cotton damask and a twill damask. It can be made synthetically as well and natural substances can also be added to create these textured fabrics. 

Conclusion 

So, these are just a few types of fabrics used in the textile industry. The factories and the companies are so much into making new and fancy fabrics all the time. Sometimes, the fashion industry may also use different textiles interchangeably. For instance, a fabric used for curtains could be sewn into a ball gown. This is how the textile industry has always been growing. 

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Hi! This is Ahmad Hassan Butt. The owner of this website. I am an SEO expert. I have 7 years of experience in SEO.

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